CTS Archived Event- Consumers’ Attitude towards Eco-product/ Organic Foods: Evidence from Divisional Cities in Bangladesh
CTS Seminar by: Dr Moinul Islam, Associate Professor of PPE, AUW
Topic: Consumers’ Attitude towards Eco-product/ Organic Foods: Evidence from Divisional Cities in Bangladesh
Day: 18 April 2017, Tuesday
Time: 5.00 – 6.00 pm
Summary of Presentation: The demand for organic food is on the rise globally because of growing concern for environment, climate and health hazards. Economic productive processes are responsible for emission, and emission causes climate changes. It is estimated that almost one third of the GHG (Green House Gas) emission is contributed by agricultural products (Vermeulen et al, 2012). In addition, as HYV (High Yielding Variety) products, that comprise the major share of agricultural products in Bangladesh, use excessive synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, they get contaminated by poisonous chemicals which are dangerous for human health. Moreover, some rent seeking businessmen in Bangladesh, use various toxic chemicals like carbide to ripen the premature fruits and highly toxic and carcinogenic chemicals like formaldehyde in perishable foods to keep them fresh for long time. Poultry, pisciculture and dairy farming, the major sources of proteins, have become notorious for their uses of contaminated, carcinogenic fodder and excessive use of anti-biotic. Although the use of these is strongly prohibited by the law of the land, there is plenty of evidence of using those in common food items in Bangladesh. On the other hand, the organic foods or the eco-products that do not use synthetic fertilizer, toxic chemicals, anti-biotic or toxic fodder and emit very little or no GHGs. Organic foods are claimed to be healthier, non pollutant and less emitting though the prices of organic foods are higher than those of conventionally produced food items. Hence, to contribute in climate responses organic food is mostly favored as a consequence of “Go Green Consumer” attitudes.
The current study aims to identify the determinants which stimulate the consumers toward the organic foods. For this purpose, this study investigates the consumers’ voluntary purchases of the organic foods due to the concern for health hazards, or as a moral responsibility to contribute to emission reduction. In investigating the consumers’ attitude towards the eco-product/ organic foods, several nested and non-nested versions of Logistic Regression Model are employed to estimate the odd ratio using survey data from five major divisional cities of Bangladesh. The outcome of the experiment reveals that the level of education of the consumers (a proxy for awareness), among other things, plays a critical role in forming positive attitude toward organic food among the consumers in Bangladesh cities.
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